Rowing - Specific Scripts / Technique
4 Principles for an Effective Stroke in Watersport / 4 Thesis for an Efficient Rowing Technique / Rowing Technique / Sliding Forwards / Making typical rowing-mistakes visible on a C-II / Slide Control / Biomechanics 1/ Biomechanics 2 / The Physics and Physiology of Rowing Faster / Pulling Too Hard and Inefficient / Beginners Rowing / Technical Workouts / How to Produce a Good Rowing Video / Checklist for Rowing-Videos / Catalog of Common Mistakes
Preparations on Land
After sign-in in the tour-book we can start. The oars have to be carried to the pontoon and put on a save place. The oars have to be carried with the blades showing to the front, to prevent them from damage, while having them always in sight.
After putting the oars on the pontoon, we can carry the boat out of the boat-hall. The boat should not be carried on the ends, to avoid too intensive swinging. The skiff will be launched parallel to the pontoon
After closing the canvas covers and opening of the land-side-oarlock, we put first the land-side-oar into the oarlock, to give the boat stability at the pontoon. The red - signed oar is portside, the green - signed oar is starboard. The blade-edge has to show to the ground, to prevent the blade from scratches. Do not forget to close and lock the oarlock.
We put the second oar into the oarlock (usually opened before, while the boat was still lying in boat-racks) and close the oarlock too. While lying at the pontoon, this oar-grip can be put on the pontoon, to stabilize the boat at the dock.
Getting into the Boat
Standing beside the boat, the view to the foot-stretcher, we step with the water-side-foot onto the foot-board, with the slide-seat behind the heals. The water-side-hand grasps both oar-grips, the end of the oar-grips touch each other. This kind of grip keeps enough space to step with the second leg into the boat. The water-side-oar has to lie on the water. With the land-side-foot the beginner has to repulse the boat away from the pontoon, while the land-side-hand grasps the land-side-rigger. The teacher should help during the first attempts.
To change the position of the foot-stretcher on the water, we put the inboard-part of the oars between leg and body, in the hip-angle, while the blades are lying flat on the water and the feet are lying relaxed on the rigger. In this position both hands are free to work and remove the foot-stretcher to the necessary position. This should be as follows: At the catch, the lower legs have to be vertical to the water, at the finish it must be possible, to lead the hands easily to the body, while keeping enough space for the extraction of the blades.
The blades lying flat on the water and the oars are vertical to the boat. The beginner is sitting with relaxed, stretched legs in the boat and is holding the oar-grips over the knees.
Balance - Workouts
Now we can give the beginners some workouts to get more feeling for the balance and safety in the skiff.
The blades are lying flat on the water. Let the boat swing by leading the oar-grips alternating left- or right-side up and down.
Both grips of the feathered blades have to be pressed into the boat (grips to the feet). Let the boat with the help of the own torso-weight tilt from one side to the other.
The rower displaces the weight of the body on that one blade that is lying flat on the water, while the oar-grip of this oar is pressed on the upper leg. One side rowing is possible (to change the direction, displace the weight to the other side).
The free-swimming blade has to be squared. Now it is possible to lead the blade without pressure load to the body, to feel the right position of the blade and the way in the water. Take care to keep the right handling: the fingers grip the oar-grips, the palms do not touch the oar-grips and wrist remains straight (hand and lower arm are in linear position).
Rowing forwards and backwards
Depending on the motorical skills of the beginners they should/can try to row forwards on their own. Different steps, from rowing forwards with one oar only to rowing with both oars while increasing the slide-way steadily, are thinkable. The beginners should take special care on the hands, because they are not used to feather and square the blades. Workouts to change the directory while putting pressure on starboard- / portside or rowing with fixed target are possible. At the catch (bended legs, arms long) the oars can be set into the water to prove the right grip-handling.
Before the beginners are rowing too far away, they should learn by time to slow down and stop, after rowing forwards. They should first try to stop the boat softly. After the extraction the rower has to take in the safety-position and the blades are gliding over the water. Now the blades should be steadily more squared while dragging towards the bow, until they are standing vertical in the water.
We need to row backwards, not only if there is no space, but also to turn the boat. The workout-system is comparable as in owing forwards? Rowing backwards starts at the finish (long legs, arms at the body), the blades are turned backwards. Now you can let the beginners do several exercises.
To establish the different elements we can include some games as workouts, like playing with a ball, gripping to a ball in the water, or playing with a Frisbee with a couple of rowers.
While “Flying” the blades are balanced free over the water, right after the extraction.
The boat can be in motion or not.
One foot stands on the foot-board and the opposite hand grips both oar-grips, the blades are laying flat on the water. Now one leg and one arm can be lifted to a horizontal position.
Capsizing with a skiff
Standing up in a boat can be tried in warm water. First step with both feet on the foot-board, and then stand up. One hand grips the oars ... then only rebound the grips ... and then the unavoidable!?
Getting into the skiff after flipping (as so called negative feedback) should be exercised too. To get into the boat, put the oars orthogonal to the boat (blades flat on the water), grip the oar-grips with one hand, the other hand stays on the foot-board. Now get the torso over the boat and swing one leg over, like getting on a horse. Like on a horse the rower is now sitting in the boat again and can start to prepare to row again
If the rower be surprised of the water-temperature, be injured during the apsize?or panic, the rowing-teacher should swim to him immediately. In this case the teacher should swim from the other side of the boat to the rower and pull him with both arms over the boat-shell. After this they can swim to a save place. We suggest every coach or rowing-teacher to get a rescue-swim-license.
Landing and Boat-Care
To land on the pontoon the beginners first have to get an overview, to choose the right angle to row to the dock (depending on wind, water and size of the pontoon).
One possibility to land is, to row parallel towards the pontoon, stopping to row at the right time, grasping both oar-grips with the water-side-hand and the pontoon with the land-side-hand. The blades are dragging on the water to stabilize the boat. Both blades have still water-contact while stepping out of the boat.
Cleaning the boat and the oars, including closing of the oarlocks and opening the canvas-covers are also an important part of each practice/exercise. At the end the boat and the oars have to be put back to their place. Do not forget the sign-out in the tour-book.
Ruderverband Schleswig-Holstein, translation Joern Grosskopf, January.2000